“ The Internet of Things and the Tech of the future” was coined by Kevin Ashton in 1999 during his work at Procter & Gamble.

The global network of physical devices connected to the Internet is called Internet Of Things. These devices are equipped with sensors and other information transfer mechanisms. . IOT connect people, systems and other applications to collect and share data through a sensor network of billions of smart devices .Electrical, medical, information technology, universal space research, and so on are some applications of IOT. To understand it in a much broader range, Machine to Machine, Machine to Man, Man to Machine, and Machine to Mobile connections that is M2M is used for connecting humans to electronics, technology and various systems resourcefully.

IOT applications are supported by a range of networks suited to devices in motion or remote locations, or that must be secure before connection to the drive. As USSD being a remarkable characteristic in all cellular networks, it can provide safe and secured IOT connectivity without the involvement of Internet.

The definition of The Internet of things has evolved due to coming together of multiple :

Technologies, Machine analytics, article sensors, and implanted systems. The flourishing part of IOT devices are created for customer use, including affiliated vehicles home computerization wearable technology as piece of internet(IoWT), connected health, and appliances with remote monitoring facilities.

Smart home:

IOT devices are a part of the larger concept of home automation, which can include lighting, heating and air conditioning, media and security systems. Long term welfares could include energy savings by automatically safeguarding lights and appliances are turned off.

Elder care :

One main application of smart home is to provide relief to those with disabilities and elderly individuals. These home technologies help technology to harbor an owner’s specific disabilities. Voice assistance help users with sight and mobility limitations while alert systems can be connected directly to cochlear implants worn by hearing impaired customers. They can also be equipped with additional safety measures. These measures can include sensors that monitor for medical emergencies such as falls or seizures.] Smart home technology applied in this manner can provide consumers with more liberty and a higher quality of life.

Medical and healthcare :

The Internet of Medical Things (also called the internet of health things) is an application of the IOT for medical and health related causes, material collection and analysis for research, and observing. This
‘Smart Healthcare ‘as it can also be called, led to the making of a digitized healthcare network, joining available medical resources and healthcare facilities.

IOT devices are being used to qualify remote health monitoring and emergency notification facilities’. These health monitoring devices can range from BP and heart rate monitors to advanced devices capable of monitoring highly skilled implants, such as pacemakers. Skilled sensors can also be furnished within living spaces to monitor the health and general well-being of senior citizens, while also fortifying that proper treatment is being managed and helping people regain lost mobility via therapy as well. These sensors form a network of wise sensors that are able to harvest, process, transfer and examines valuable information in different conditions, such as connecting in-home monitoring appliances to hospital-based systems. Other customer devices to encourage fit living, such as connected scales or customary heart monitors, are also a possibility with the IOT .End-to-end health monitoring IOT platforms are also obtainable for antenatal and chronic patients, helping one administer health vitals and recurring medication needs.

Transportation :

Digital variable speed-limit sign. The IOT can help in the combination of communications, control, and information processing past various carrier systems application of the IOT extends to all aspects of transportation systems (i.e. the vehicle, the groundwork, and the driver or user). Dynamic convergence between these entities of a transport system enables inner and outer vehicular communication, smart traffic control, smart parking, specialized toll collecting systems, fleet management , vehicle check and safety and road assistance.

Building and home automation :

IOT devices assist to monitor and control the electrical, mechanical and electronic systems used in many types of buildings ( e.g : public and private, industrial, institutions, or residential in home automation and building automation systems).

The combination of the Internet with building energy administration technologies in order to create energy efficient and IOT-driven “smart buildings”.

The possible means of real-time monitoring for reducing energy consumption and monitoring occupant behaviors. The combination of smart devices in the built environment can be used in future applications.

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